How to Prepare For Chemical Engineering Jobs
Preparing for chemical engineering jobs is a task that must be done if you really desire to earn a great one. Gone are the days when you stumble into a job. Chemical engineering jobs are very delicate and demand suitable qualified individuals to fill in the roles as the cost of employing a less qualified may not just cost the company losses, but accidents, hazards or even the life of the employee. Every job seeker must have an early strategy to attract their dream job and gain a successful employment.
In this article we will give highlight insight into the Chemical Engineering industries, the jobs available in each unique industry, their associated task and entry levels, interview questions you are like to face when meeting the panel.
Chemical Engineering Industries
Chemical Engineering jobs are widely distributed in several industries ranging from Food and Beverage Industry, Materials and Metals Industry, Pharmaceutical and Health Care, Industry, Oil and Gas Industry, Research and Development Industry, etc.
Food and Beverage Industry: This includes companies that are concern with producing, packaging, distributing and transporting edible goods from the factory or farm to the distributors. It is a total value chain inventory of organization in the overall processes. Chemical engineers improve processing techniques and production methodology necessary to enhance a safe production of food and beverage for consumers.
The Chemical Engineer is concern with the process aspect of work in this industry, which include:
Handling of flows of solid, liquid and gases as well as heat, which are components of the chemical reactions of fermentation, cooking and browning of baked goods in the oven associated with the production process.
They are also concerned with regulating machines in the quality control lab of every food industry. They check the quality of each sample before mass production.
The chemical, physical and biochemical processes and machinery utilized for the transformation of ingredients to finished food is the sole responsibility of a Chemical Engineer.
Pharmaceutical and Health Care: This industry is concerned with the discovery, development and manufacture of drugs and medication. The total well-being of mankind is maintained in this sector. It is considered as one of the safe industry to work even in an unstable economic situation, hazards or epidemic. This is because of the constant need for medicine, research on vaccine and treatment of lives.
According to American Chemical Society, the primary of Chemical Engineers in this industry is to design and troubleshoot processes of chemical production, fuels, food, pharmaceuticals, and biological. The aim is to maximize productivity and product quality at minimal cost.
There are various stages at which Chemical Engineers are needed to work in this industry. The following are some of the roles: Product development, Process/Plant engineering, Testing/Quality Control, Manufacturing/Validation Engineering, and Design Engineering.
Oil and Gas Industry: This industry is considered one the largest industry, providing 57% of the daily energy needs to over 7 billion people globally. It generates revenue estimated at $3.3 trillion annually. It has sub sectors such as Upstream, Midstream, and the Downstream. Upstream is also called exploration and production phase of the industry. Companies in this category find reservoirs and drill oil and gas wells. Midstream sector is involve in the transportation from Oil and Gas wells to refineries, while the Downstream is concerned with refining and sales of finished products of the crude oil.
Chemical Engineers are needed in the upstream sectors where catalyst, polymers and new molecules are utilized to boost production. They also work in the labs as well as downstream sectors. They control, manage, and maintain systems in the industrial and chemical plants, and ensure that the right chemicals are utilized to extract crude oil and refine them into the various value chains.
Specific positions available for Chemical Engineers in this industry include: Field Engineer, Drilling Engineer, Safety Engineer, Estimate Specialist, Production Shift Engineer, etc.
Materials and Metals Industry: The materials and metals industry is concern with the processing of ferrous and non-ferrous metals such as steel, copper, aluminum, and zinc. This is a multibillion pounds industry servicing the automotive, construction, energy and power sectors of the economy. There is virtually no industry that doesn’t need the input of this industry from skyscrapers to cars, drinks cans and chairs. Steel is the most recycled material in the world of materials and metals industry. It is a major raw material for various production companies.
Chemical Engineers designs and control the process in the steel production plant. They also play significant role in the quality control, testing of materials and project management. This can include calculating phase diaograms, estimating alloy properties which are necessary in the overall refining process.
Chemical Engineering Interview Questions
When preparing for an interview test, it’s very important you get sufficient knowledge about the kind of company the company and their various production activities and work unit. Furnish yourself with information on the industry and the roles other Chemical Engineers are filling with their associated daily tasks. The following are questions you should expect from the interview panel for Chemical Engineering jobs :
- What is the difference between the Process Unit and the Operations Unit?
- Describe the basic components of raw materials for the materials requirement planning process from the Chemical Engineering perspective.
- What are the basic equipment Chemical Engineers use irrespective of their industry difference?
- Describe interpersonal skills and how it applies to a conflict resolution in the laboratory.